Para Jumbles Questions are often known as Sentence Arrangement and Paragraph Jumble in the competitive exams. First understand what exactly are Para jumbles? They are basically a set of statements labeled with a letter or number, which are not arranged in order of their appearance in the original paragraph. One is supposed to arrange these sentences logically to form a coherent paragraph.
There isn’t any straightforward approach to solving Para jumbles. Every Para jumble has a unique solution and there are just as many approaches as one can possibly think of by using the rules of English Language. Here in this article we are going to discuss the various approaches that one can use to solve Para jumbles questions in the SBI Clerk recruitment exam.
Various methods to apply while solving Para jumbles questions in SBI Clerk Exam
The tips shared below will help you solve para jumbles based questions easily in the SBI Clerk Exam 2018:
- To start with, a candidate should look for sentences that clearly introduce a person, place, committee or concept in the Para jumble. That will most likely be the opening sentence of the given paragraph.
- Spot the central theme of each Para jumble. The flow of the story (drama) goes a long way in piecing together the paragraph in the correct order.
- If there are series of activities mentioned, figure out which happens first and then follow the sequence to reach its end. Also, in case it is a time-based event, make sure to maintain a particular order that is past, present, future and vice-versa.
- If there are any time sequence indicating words such as before, later, after, when etc, then thoroughly read the sentence containing such words, as it will help you figure out the sequence of the sentences and the given sentences can be arranged accordingly.
- Hypothesis or Theory approach can also be used. If any sentence is working as an example, place it after the sentence for which it is working as an example, not necessarily just after because one has to explain the idea, it is hypothesis (theory). It should not be before the idea that it explains.
- Link the sentences logically that is see what is the role-played by a specific sentence:
- And then search for some proper sentence that should come before or the one that will follow. This is called the structural approach where the Para jumble is solved by determining the structure of the given paragraph.
- A noun in one sentence is always replaced by a pronoun in the next sentence. Hence sentences that have pronouns in them such as He, She, It, They, His, her etc. are used when the person being talked about has already been introduced. Therefore, pronouns are never used in the opening sentences, whereas sentences having nouns in them are more likely to be the opening sentence.
- Articles can be of help to an extent too. ‘The’ is a definite article and ‘a’ and ‘an’ are indefinite articles. ‘The’ denotes something specific or someone specific or when the person or thing for which the article has been used has already been introduced. ‘A’ and ‘an’ are used while introducing something for the first time and also stating general facts.
- Connectives like although, though, if, until, since, but, after, alternatively, besides, then, yet, because, consequently, notwithstanding, and, when, meanwhile, so, however, nevertheless, therefore, furthermore, whereas, moreover etc. are never used in the opening sentence. They always refer to people or events mentioned in previous sentence.
- Writers use transitions to link their ideas logically. These transitions or signal words are clues that can help one to figure out what the sentence actually means and its sequence. Para jumble sentences often contain several signal words, combining them in complex ways.
- Many a times in some sentences of the Para jumbles there exists a cause and effect statements. The student has to look for words or phrases that explicitly indicate one thing causes another or logically determines another.
Accordingly, given, in order to, thus, because, hence, therefore, so…that, when…then, consequently, if…then are few words that are seen in cause and effect statements.
- Acronym Approach or Abbreviation approach is another way of determining which sentence is used first and which one after. If we encounter full and short names, abbreviations of some terms or institution, e.g. WTO- World Health Organization, Dr. Man Mohan Singh- Dr. Singh, Karl Marx- Marx; Then the rule used is that the sentence using the full form will come before the sentence containing short form.
- Adjectives such as simpler, better, cleverer etc. are comparative. Hence, they always hold a relation to other things. Such adjectives can also be of good help in solving a Para jumble.
- Look for the words or phrases supporting a sentence. These words containing sentences will not be the opening sentence. These sentences will follow immediately the sentence supported.
- Furthermore, additionally, also, and, too, as well, besides, indeed, likewise, moreover are examples of such words find them in the sentences and think what they are indicating.
- Some words will be repeated in two consecutive sentences. In most of the cases we repeat some important words of one sentence in the sentence that follows.
- Hence if one is seeing any important (not like he, she, that, is, are type) then chances are that these two sentences will be consecutive. Remember it gives you an idea that which sentences can be consecutive for example 38 or 83 but for exact order you have to look for some other clue or meaning.
In SBI Clerk exam the solution to the Para jumble is not given in a single question that is there are 4-5 questions linked questions with the Para jumble and each question enquires about the placement of a particular sentence in the paragraph.
So, the student must ensure to practice Para jumbles of the type where the solution to the Para jumble is asked in a series of questions.
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